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SMOKE VENTILATION EXPLAINED

| Getting the smoke out saves lives |

Smoke kills. It’s the most common cause of fire-related deaths in the UK.

Removing smoke from a burning building undoubtedly saves lives. That’s why, in the movies, the characters will all crawl along the floor, desperately trying to escape the acrid smoke filling their lungs.

It sounds terrifying, and it is.

But what if there were a way to stop the smoke from spreading?

We’re smoke ventilation experts, partnering with only the finest manufacturers in the industry. We can work with you from start to finish; advising, designing, installing, supplying and maintaining your smoke ventilation system.

Our systems are suitable for most types of high-rise buildings including residential and commercial premises. With our experience, Silver Group can ensure your smoke control system or AOV is fully compliant to current legislation.

If you need more information about smoke ventilation or other fire safety services that we provide, call us today on 0800 0830131 or complete this short form and we will be in touch right away:

Smoke Ventilation Enquiry

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Smoke Ventilation Explained 1 – Silver Group

WHAT IS SMOKE VENTILATION?

Smoke ventilation is exactly what it sounds like. A ventilation system in your building which allows smoke to escape. During a fire-related emergency, people in your building may be prevented from escaping by smoke ingress, which can happen in minutes. So, when putting together an evacuation plan and fire risk assessment, dealing with smoke should be on your to-do list.

There are a range of ventilation systems designed to deal with smoke. We can advise you on the differences between these systems and which one is most suitable for your building.

HOW DOES A SMOKE VENTILATION SYSTEM WORK?

The two main systems are natural and mechanical.

Natural smoke ventilation systems consist of roof, window vents, and or skylights. They automatically open when heat and smoke sensors are triggered. You’ll often see smoke ventilation systems referred to as Automatic Opening Vents or AOV, for this reason.

The beauty of this system is that it can be used throughout the year as well as for emergencies. Natural air flow on hot days is a bonus for a stuffy office or overheated shopping centre. The vents we install can optionally be opened for this purpose as well.

Mechanical ventilation systems do the same job but at a more advanced level. Smoke is forcibly extracted via a mechanical extract shaft which can serve corridors, lobbies and stairwells (commonly used as main escape routes). Fans inside the shaft extract smoke and prevent it from drifting into other compartments within the building.

Removing smoke as quickly as possible from a crowded building increases the chance of a successful evacuation. It also helps the emergency services by creating a more stable environment in which they can fight the fire. Compromised access to a building presents real problems for firefighters and the survival of anyone trapped inside.  It can also affect business continuity. Delayed firefighting invariably means more damage to the structure of your building and your ability to get back up and running as quickly as possible.

Smoke Ventilation Explained 1 – Silver Group
Smoke Ventilation Explained 2 – Silver Group

OUR EXPERTISE IN SMOKE VENTILATION SYSTEMS

We work in partnership with SE Controls, the UK’s leading manufacturer of smoke ventilation systems. As such, we are able to design, install and maintain all types of smoke ventilation and heat exhaust systems. These innovative systems are used across a wide range of commercial and multi-occupancy residential buildings, as well as local authority projects and visitor attractions.

Importantly though, we can offer a truly fully compliant solution from design to install, commissioning and subsequent maintenance. This total package to you positions us uniquely in allowing you that legal compliance. We ensure that all parts of the system and their fitment have been completed to very exactly standards with rigorous testing. Silver Group are regularly audited to ensure that we complete the designs to those know standards and requirements and of course to establish that out work procedures are of the very highest standards.

Smoke Ventilation Explained 3 – Silver Group

WHAT DOES THE LAW HAVE TO SAY ON SMOKE VENTILATION SYSTEMS?

Under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, anyone designated a ‘responsible person’ has a duty to mitigate fire risk through whatever means necessary. If smoke ventilation systems form part of that mitigation, you must ensure that you follow current guidelines.

Smoke Ventilation Explained 3 – Silver Group
Smoke Ventilation Explained 3 – Silver Group

EVERYTHING WE DO CONFORMS TO BRITISH AND EUROPEAN STANDARDS AND CODES OF PRACTICE:

EN12101 This European standard requires that the CE mark is on all components of an AOV system.  The components of all natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilators must also meet the Construction Products Regulations.

To ensure this, these components are subject to rigorous testing; extreme hot and cold conditions are created as well as snow and high winds. The vents must suffer no more than a 10% loss in aperture opening and must operate within 60 seconds on activation.

EN60335-2-103:2003 This standard covers electric drives for windows and vents and specifies that any automatic mechanism is installed with finger trap design consideration.

BS7346-8:2013 This British standard monitors the quality of product components and specifies the code of practice for the planning, design, installation and ongoing maintenance of smoke control systems.

BS8519:2010 This standard ensures the fire resistance of all cable and wiring used in smoke ventilation systems.

DOES YOUR BUILDING REQUIRE A SMOKE CONTROL SYSTEM?

The benefits of smoke control systems in buildings are well proven and for that reason they have become a legal requirement in certain types of buildings. In particular, for multiple occupancy residential developments – i.e. a block of apartments. In these cases, there must be provision for smoke ventilation in the public corridors and stairwells.

Should the building have a single staircase and is between 4.5m and 11m high but is not connected to a covered carpark, then a simple stairwell ventilator will suffice.

Once the residential building property is over 11m, then a smoke control system is mandatory. The exact requirements of which will depend upon various factors such as the furthest distance of an apartment to the staircase. This should not be more than 4.5m, however this distance can be extended to 7.5m if there if the corridor is naturally ventilated with an area of at least 1.5m².

As you might imagine, once a building is deemed as being a high-rise residential property, then as well as natural ventilation there may well be a requirement for a mechanical ventilation system as well.

Currently this legislation applies to new build projects, but it is highly likely that similar requirements will be introduced as part of the fire safety strategy to existing builds, in particular as and when they are refurbished.

The method of calculating the free area for an AOV or smoke ventilation casement window has recently been updated as shown on the diagram below. If you need any assistance on whether you require a smoke control system and if so, what type of system is required, then feel free to contact our team today.

Smoke Ventilation Explained 4 – Silver Group

HOW CAN I BENEFIT FROM YOUR EXPERTISE?

If you’re an architect, M&E contractor, facilities or building manager, you’ll no doubt have come across smoke ventilation systems. But are you confident that you know everything you need to know? We’ve come across many examples of smoke vent installations which don’t conform to current regulations.

As the responsible person, remember it’s you who’ll be held accountable when things go wrong. Smoke ventilation systems are complex so make sure you’re working with a specialist with the right knowledge and expertise.

Our expertise means that we’re one of the few suppliers in the UK working in mainstream fire safety, smoke ventilation systems and security systems. We can integrate your systems so they all work in harmony giving you, your business and your building complete protection at all times.

DOWNLOAD OUR LATEST BROCHURE

For more information about our services across fire, smoke ventilation and security, please download our latest brochure.

Clicking to download may open the brochure in your website browser or download to your computer or device. If you should have problems opening you can open using any Adobe Acrobat compatible software.

Silver Group Brochure

Want to know more about Smoke Ventilation?

For a greater understanding about smoke ventilation and why you must have it and act on it for your business, take a look at our blog.

Have an Enquiry?

If you need further help, information or advice on any of our services, please give us a call.

Call our head office on: 0800 083 0131

or if you would prefer to email, email us at:

info@silver-group.co.uk

You can also call us on one of our local numbers below:

South Bedfordshire

01582 412000

Covering:

Luton, Dunstable, Leighton Buzzard, Harpenden and surrounding area.

North Bedfordshire

01234 880539

Covering:

Bedford, Biggleswade, Sandy and surrounding area.

Hertfordshire

01923 728011

Covering:

Hatfield, Hitchin, St. Albans, Stevenage, Watford, Welwyn Garden City and surrounding area.

Buckinghamshire

01908 711554

Covering:

Aylesbury, Beaconsfield, Buckingham, Milton Keynes, Newport Pagnell, Slough and surrounding area.

Northamptonshire

01604 726565

Covering:

Corby, Kettering, Northampton, Rushden, Towcester, Wellingborough and surrounding area.

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